Solvents are substances that are capable of dissolving or dispersing one or more other substances. Organic solvents are carbon-based solvents (i.e., they contain carbon in their molecular structure).

Million of U.S workers are exposed to organic solvents that are used in such product as paints, varnishes, lacquers, adhesives, glues, and degreasing/cleaning agents, and in the production of dyes, polymers, plastics, textiles, printing inks, agricultural product, and pharmaceuticals.

Many organic solvents are recognized by NIOSH as carciogens (e.g., benzene, carbon tetrachloride, trichloroethylene), reproductive hazards (e.g., 2-ethoxyethanol, 2-methoxyethanol, methyl chloride), and neurotoxins (e.g., n-hexane, tetrachloroethylene, toluene). Many different classes of chemicals can be used as organic solvents, including aliphatic hydrocarbons, aromatic hydrocarbons, amines, esters, ethers, ketones, and nitrated, or chlorinated hydrocarbons.


Toluene, also known as methylbenzene, ore Tuloul, is a clear water-insoluble liquid with the typical smell of paint thinners, reminiscent of the related compound benzene. It is an aromatic hydrocarbon that is widely used an industrial feedstock and as a solvent. Like other solvents, toluene is also used as an inhalant drug for its intoxicating properties; however this causes severe neurological harm

Regulating agent for plastics. Intermediate for pharmaceuticals, coating material, pesticide, rubber chemicals, fiber, textil, and other organic products. Also used as an additive in petroleum industry.

Cyclohexanone is a organic compound with the formula (CH2)5CO. The Molecule consists of six-carbon cyclic molecule with a ketonefuncional group. This colorness oil has an odor reminiscent of peardrop sweets as well as acetone. Over time, samles assume a yellow color due to oxidation. Cyclohexanone is slightly soluble in water (5-10g/100mL), but miscible with common organic solvents. Billons of kilograms are produced annually, mainly as a precursor to nylon.


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